Dog Care

Dog Vaccines

All dogs should be vaccinated to prevent disease and illness. There are two categories of vaccines: core vaccines and non-core vaccines. Core vaccines are vaccines that given to all puppies and adult dogs. Non-core vaccines are vaccines given based on the individual's risk of exposure. Our clinic administers vaccines manufactured and labeled to provide protection for THREE years, decreasing the number of vaccines given in the patient's lifetime. The charts included on this page describes vaccination protocols for puppies and adult dogs.
Click on the Information icon for a direct link to Veterinarypartner.com describing the diseases.
 
TRAVEL ALERT
If your pet travels outside of New Mexico, there is a HIGH risk of exposure to Dog Influenza (H3N8 and H3N2).
H3N8 Documented cases in forty states and Washington, DC. It is endemic in Colorado, Florida, New York, and Pennsylvania.
H3N2 (Canine Influenza) in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Texas, Illinois and Louisiana.

 

Core Vaccinations: ALL dogs should receive these vaccinations

Puppies 6-8 weeks

of age should have the following vaccines


Distemper

Adenovirus

Parainfluenza

Parvo

Puppies 12-14 weeks

of age should have the following vaccines

Distemper

Adenovirus

Parainfluenza

Parvo

Puppies 9-11 weeks

of age should have the following vaccines

Distemper

Adenovirus

Parainfluenza

Parvo


Puppies 12 weeks & Older

of age should have the following vaccines


Rabies

Single Injection provides ONE year of protection.

Puppies 15-17 weeks

of age should have the following vaccines

Distemper

Adenovirus

Parainfluenza

Parvo

Vaccinating with the proper interval provides three years of protection

Puppies 18 Weeks to One Year of Age or Adult Dogs with No Vaccine or Unknown Vaccine History

Rabies

for puppies 18 wks to 1yr


Single injection provides ONE year of protection.

Distemper, Adenovirus

Parainfluenza, Parvo

for puppies 18 wks to 1yr

Initial vaccine followed by booster 3 to 4 weeks later for THREE years of protection 

Adult boosters

One to three year intervals depending on the type of vaccine given previously and if patient is current on vaccinations. If patient is more than 3 months overdue, a 3 year vaccine booster cannot be given (per manufacturers orders). Patient will given a ONE year vaccine.

One or three year intervals depending on the type of vaccine given previously and if patient is current on vaccinations. If more than 6 months overdue, two vaccinations 3 to 4 weeks apart for THREE year protection.

Parvo


One or three year intervals depending on the type of vaccine given previously and if patient is current on vaccinations. If more than 6 months overdue, two vaccinations 3 to 4 weeks apart for THREE year protection.

Non-Core Vaccines: Given based on Risk of Exposure

We advise this vaccine for all dogs that travel frequently, board frequently, visit dog parks, and interact with dogs outside their family. We administer the intranasal vaccine instead of the subcutaneous vaccine (under the skin) because it does not require a booster and begins protection within 72 hours of the vaccination.

Can be given as early as 3 weeks of age; then annually.


Note: We prefer to wait until after the distemper-parvo series has been completed. We will vaccinate sooner if the patient is in a high risk environment.

We do not have this disease in our area. However, if you are planning to move to or travel through endemic areas such as the Northeast and upper Midwest states, this vaccine should be given. 

Initial vaccine followed by a booster 3 to 4 weeks later, then annually.

This vaccine should be given to all dogs who have a high level of exposure to livestock and wild animals. 

 Initial vaccine followed by a booster 3 to 4 weeks later, then annually.


This vaccine is under conditional licensing. There are not enough controlled studies proving it significantly protects the patient. It was developed for only Western Diamondback envenomation. Response to the vaccine is variable. There is high incidence of sterile abscesses in the area of the injection. We administer this vaccine, but will refer you to other clinics.

Initial vaccine followed by a booster 3 to 4 weeks later, then annually.


Currently, we have not had any reported cases of Canine Influenza (H3N8 or H3N2) in our state. However, if you are traveling out of the state, vacccination may be best for your pet. The vaccine does NOT prevent disease, but decreases the severity of the disease.

Initial vaccine followed by a booster 3 to 4 weeks later, then annually.

Vaccine Reactions

It is not uncommon for a pet to have a mild fever or soreness in the area of the injection. Vaccine reactions can occur at any time, regardless if the pet has received previous vaccinations. The more severe reactions occur during the first couple of hours of the vaccination. Monitor for any of the symptoms listed below and seek medical attention as soon as possible.

  • Vomiting repeatedly
  • Diarrhea,
  • Swollen face
  • Hives
  • Wheals
  • Difficulty breathing, wheezing
  • Pale gums
  • Weakness
  • Swelling at the sight of the injection

Flea Control

Fleas are common parasites. They can cause your pet to scratch and itch, cause skin lesions, pass on tapeworms, and pass on diseases to both pets and owners. Because they multiply exponentially, prevention is the best control. Control fleas and ticks using topical products, grooming, and environmental control measures.

The flea passes through four life stages: eggs, larvae, pupae, and adult. The egg phase is 50% of the life cycle, 30% larvae, 15% pupae, and 5% biting adult. The completion of the life phase varies from two weeks to eight months, depending on the amount of "food" available.

A female lays an average of 15 to 20 eggs per day or 600 per lifetime. The eggs hatch within two days to two weeks into the larvae form. Inside the home, they drop into cracks, crevices of the floors, in rugs and carpet, and furniture. The larvae are blind and avoid light, which is the reason why they prefer the shady and protected areas of the yard. The larvae's food supply involves digested blood in the adult flea feces, sloughed skin cells, hair, feathers, and organic debris. Larvae do NOT suck blood.

Once the larvae reach full size, they form a silken cocoon and enter the pupae form. In five to fifteen days, the adult flea emerges from the cocoon. Sometimes it may stay within its cocoon until one of the following: vibration (pet and people movement), pressure (being laid upon), heat, noise, or carbon dioxide levels increase (signaling a potential blood meal). Adult fleas cannot survive or lay eggs without a blood meal, but they can hibernate up to one year without feeding.

Treating the pet
There are oral and topical flea control products. Our top recommendation is Bravecto, an oral medication that when given will kill fleas and ticks for THREE months. We have been recommending this product since the beginning of 2016, with no reported side effects. Of the topical flea control products, we still recommend the products that have growth inhibitors. We recommend the use of Frontline PLUS and Fiproguard PLUS. (Fiproguard PLUS is the generic version of Frontline PLUS). PLUS products have the growth inhibitors. HOW TO APPLY TOPICAL PRODUCTS

Homeopathic Treatments:
Garlic
is potentially toxic. The use of garlic for flea control is controversial. Garlic does not kill fleas or inhibit growth; it is merely a repellant. Studies have shown that fleas do not like the taste of garlic. They simply do not feed on your pet. Garlic can be toxic to dogs and cats. It causes a Heinz Body anemia, a breakdown of the red blood cells which can be life-threatening. The toxic level is dose related. Cats are more sensitive to the toxic effects. All parts of the garlic plant from the bulbs, bulblets, flowers, leaves, and stems are potentially toxic. NEVER give garlic to dogs with autoimmune problems, severe diabetes, or dogs going into surgery. Japanese breeds such as the Akita and Shiba Inu are more sensitive to the effects of garlic. They should be given less garlic, if any.

"Veterinary Herbal Medicine, Susan G Wynn and Barbara J. Fougere, 2007 Elsevier. The recommended dosages should be divided into two to three meals.

Fresh garlic

  • 1/4 clove (less than 1 gram) 10 pounds per day
  • 1/2 clove (1.5 to 2 grams) 20 to 25 pounds per day
  • 1 clove (3-4 grams) per 40 to 50 pound dog per day

Dried garlic:

  • small dogs 50 to 100 mg per day
  • medium dogs 100 to 200 mg per day
  • large dogs 300 to 600 mg per day
  • giant dogs 600 - 900 mg per day

Brewer’s Yeast is very safe. Pet products containing Brewer's yeast for flea and tick control are very safe. It also acts as a repellant for both fleas and ticks. It comes in tablet or powder form. Add to your pet's food per the instructions on the product. You can give one full dose in one meal or spread it throughout the day.

Treating the Indoor environment
Wash your pet's bedding regularly. Vacuum carpet, floors, couch cushions, anywhere your pet rests on a regular basis. If your home has an extreme infestation, it would be best to contact a reputable professional pesticide company.

Treating the Outdoor environment
Remove brush and leaves regularly, they provide shade and moist conditions for the larvae. Because of safety and enviromental issues, we advise contacting a reputable pesticide company. Ask for the name of the brand and ingredients that they plan to use and do your research on the product safety.

 

Tick Control

Ticks reside on the skin of their hosts, using blood as food. Ticks are more of a problem for dogs than cats. Cats groom frequently removing the ticks from their body. Ticks are drawn to motion, warm temperatures from body heat, and the carbon dioxide exhaled by mammals. Due to the minimal amount of pain from the tick bite, many animals are unaware of the tick attachment. The major danger is the transmission of diseases such as Ehrlichia, Lymes, and Babesiosis and cause tick paralysis. Recent studies have shown that it takes about 72 hours for an attached tick to transmit disease. To prevent the transmission of disease, owners must remove the ticks before they have attached for 72 hours.

Ticks have a two- year life span, that usually involves three hosts during that two-year period. At each stage, the tick must have a blood meal. If it does not receive any blood, it cannot move on to the next stage.There are some species of hard ticks that have four life stages: egg, larva, nymph, and adult. Once again, a blood meal is required before they can detach and molt to the next phase. Female ticks can engorge as much as 100 times their original size. The adult tick lays its eggs in secluded areas, preferring areas of vegetation. How many eggs can an adult female lay? Some species lay only 100 eggs at a time, while others can produce 3,000 to 6,000 per batch.

Two weeks later, the eggs hatch, another generation of larvae are looking for blood meals. Birds and rodents are usually the first hosts for the larval stage. Once the larvae have their first meal, they are called nymphs. The nymphs remain inactive during the winter time, but with the warmer spring weather, they begin moving and find their second hosts, usually rodents, pets, or humans. These nymphs are difficult to see, about the size of a freckle. A nymph becomes an adult with its blood meal. During the autumn months, male and female ticks search for hosts. Females will feed for 8 to 12 days, and remain attached during this entire time. During this period of attachment, mating occurs. Both male and female ticks drop off. The male dies. During the winter, the female remains inactive until spring, when she lays her eggs. Ticks can survive thru the fall and well into spring without a blood meal.

Prevent Ticks from Attaching
We recommend the product, Bravecto, for tick control. The canine product is an oral product given once every THREE months.dogs, this product is an oral product. This product is not a repellant, so it will not be unusual to find a tick on your pet. Be assured that should a tick come in contact with your pet; it will die within the 72 hour period before it can do harm to your pet. Other suggested topical products for tick control: Frontline Plus (fipronil), Fiproguard Plus, (fipronil), and Revolution (selamectin).
HOW TO APPLY TOPICAL PRODUCTS

Find and Remove the Ticks
It is always a good idea to check your pet's body for ticks immediately after exposure to areas of tick inhabitation. Concentrate on the head, ears, neck, armpits, and between the toes. Dab rubbing alcohol on the tick. Using tweezers, grab the tick as close to the skin as possible, and pull slowly and steadily. Avoid squeezing the head. Squeezing the head can inject bacteria, protozoa, and other organisms into your pet. Do not use rubbing alcohol alone. It is the removal of the tick that is most important. Additionally, nail polish and petroleum jelly do not work. Do not use hot matches or turpentine. Although there is minimal risk of disease, avoid transmission of to you by wearing gloves while removing the tick.

 

 

 

Heartworm in Dogs

Heartworms can only be passed from dog to dog or dog to cat by a mosquitos. Heartworm "infection" and heartworm "disease" are two different things. Heartworm "infection" occurs whenever a dog has heartworms residing within the body. Dogs with heartworm infection do not necessarily show any symptoms of illness. Many dogs have the larval forms in their body and no adult heartworms in their hearts. Many heartworm "infected" dogs adult heartworms in their hearts. Dogs with heartworm "disease" are always SICK. The number of heartworms within the heart and pulmonary arteries determine the degree of illness.

Heartworm disease is preventable. There area a multitude of oral and topical products. The cost of the preventative ranges from $85.00 to $130.00 per year, depending on the pet weight, type, and brand of heartworm medication. In comparison, the fee to treat your pet for heartworm disease begins at $1200.00, depending on weight and severity of the disease. Additionally, even with treatment, your pet may not survive.

For more information on heartworm disease in dogs visit the link below